Prostate cancer: warning signs that should raise suspicion
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Prostate cancer: warning signs that should raise suspicion

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and the third leading cause of cancer death among men. According to the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM), it is a pathology It affects over 1.2 million men worldwide.over 29,000 new cases were diagnosed in Spain. It is expected that more than 30,000 will be diagnosed in our country this year. new cases.

Estimated “One in four men will suffer from prostate cancer at some point in their lives“, warns José Ángel Gómez Pascual, head of the urology department at Quironsalud Hospital in Malaga. So this is important “Stress the importance of prevention and the need for annual check-ups, starting from the age of 50, to be carried out from 40-45 years if you have a first-degree relative who has had prostate cancer or if you are positive for the BRCA2 gene, which is associated with an increased risk of developing certain cancers such as prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer, say CuídatePlus Carlos Nunez, director of the department of urological surgery at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Madrid,occurs when prostate cells (gland of the male reproductive system, located below the bladder and in front of the rectum) they grow and reproduce uncontrollablydamaging the surrounding tissue and interfering with the normal functioning of the prostate.” The cells “can then spread to other parts of the body.”

It is more common in “older” men and is the “most common form of cancer in men.”. The best chance of surviving prostate cancer is early detection.. If detected early, the chance of cure is almost 100%.. How can this be detected? Although experts warn that prostate cancer in its early stages does not cause any symptoms, it is worth knowing some symptoms that may make you suspect that something is wrong, and you should consult a doctor to rule out this type of cancer.

As noted Nuñez, Men with prostate cancer may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Inability to urinate or difficulty starting urination.
  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder completely.
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Constant pain in the lower back, pelvis or hips.

As the specialist notes: “It is important to remember that none of these symptoms are specific to cancer and that most men with prostate cancer do not experience any of them, but these are symptoms that may indicate a problem that should be discussed. ” Therefore, Nunez mentions that “Its presence should prompt men to seek medical help. with rectal examination of the prostate and determination of PSA in serum by a urologist or other doctor.”

What tests detect prostate cancer?

Cancer screening involves medical tests performed when a person has no symptoms. Nunes points this out: “should start at age 50 for most men and at age 45 for black men or men with a family history. (father, brother or son) from prostate cancer.”

Examination of the rectal tract is the simplest and oldest method of screening for prostate cancer. The expert says that during this examination, “the urologist carefully inserts a gloved index finger into the rectum to examine the prostate and check that it is not enlarged or has any other obvious abnormalities, such as a tumor.” Of course, a rectal examination is not a definitive test for cancer.but “regular examinations help the urologist detect changes in the prostate over time that may indicate pre-cancerous condition.”

On the other hand, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) “is a glycoprotein produced by prostate epithelial cells. The blood test measures the amount of PSA circulating in the blood, expressed in nanograms per milliliter (ng/ml). The obtained PSA concentration is used to assess the risk of cancer.”

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Who is most at risk of prostate cancer?

There are many factors that can influence the development of prostate cancer, among which Nunez distinguishes:

  • age: Men aged 50 and over are at higher risk. Age is the most influential risk factor.
  • Background Family members: Your risk is higher if you have a family history (especially a father, brother or son) of prostate cancer.
  • Race: Black men have almost twice the incidence of prostate cancer than white men. The disease is less common in Asians and Native Americans.
  • Feeding: A diet high in fat, especially animal fat, may increase the risk of prostate cancer. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables is thought to reduce this risk.