A look at the key challenges in NDA 3.0 |  MorungExpress
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A look at the key challenges in NDA 3.0 | MorungExpress

New Delhi : Prime Minister Narendra Modi signs his first act on Monday, June 10, 2024 in New Delhi authorizing the release of 17th-term Prime Minister Kisan Nidhi after assuming the duties of Prime Minister for the third consecutive term. This will benefit 9.3 crore farmers and distribute around Rs 20,000 crores (IANS/PIB)

New Delhi, June 11 (IANS) The BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) recorded its third consecutive victory in the 2024 Lok Sabha elections under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, but the party itself fell short of a majority by 32 seats and also missed its own target of 370 seats. by 130 places.

Unlike Modi 1.0 and Modi 2.0, Prime Minister Modi’s third term is a coalition government and requires the support of alliance partners such as JD-U, TDP, LJP-Ram Volas, as well as other smaller and single-party representatives.

Due to the coercion of the coalition, the government will have to not only adapt to the demands of its allies, but also give each of them due respect and importance, as well as find ways to fulfill its election promises.

Beyond the numbers game, Modi 3.0 will also require a rigorous focus on improving economic indicators to make a difference.

Below is the list of challenges:

Economic challenges

The Indian economy growing at 8.2% in FY 2023-24 was a big boost and gave Prime Minister Modi’s government an edge in its third term.

However, growing disparities between different population groups hold the promise of spoiling the fun. Comparing economic indicators with global levels, the country’s per capita income remains low and “far from the desired” level among G20 countries.

However, there are also a few points that can be enjoyed. Over the past ten years, the economy has grown from the eleventh to the fifth largest, and is widely expected to become the third largest in the next two to three years.

The budget deficit, which increased to over 9% in 2020-21, was also reduced to below 5% in 2024-25.

Unemployment and inflation

Unemployment and inflation were the top poll topics for the Congress-led INDIA bloc, with the latter also touting them as one of the key failures of the Modi government.

According to a recent report by the Center for Monitoring the Indian Economy, a think tank based in Mumbai, the unemployment rate in India has increased from 7.5% in March to 8.1% in April 2024.

According to government data, the number of unemployed people in cities rose to 6.7% in the January-March quarter, from 6.5% in the previous quarter.

Election analysts also believe that popular dissatisfaction over the poor employment scenario was the reason for the BJP’s setbacks in many constituencies.

Strengthening this middle and working class will remain one of the top priorities of the third term of Prime Minister Modi’s government. The Prime Minister emphasized the same in his speech to NDA voters.

“Today, the middle class has emerged as the driving force behind Bharat’s growth. We will continue to ensure the well-being of our people and continue to ensure quality for all,” Prime Minister Modi said.

Special Ally Status Request

The TDP led by Chandrababu Naidu and the JD-U led by Nitish Kumar, who have emerged as irreplaceable allies of the BJP in forming the government, have promised full support to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government but will also be considering a special package and special category status for their respective states.

These are long-standing demands of these two parties, which due to the backwardness of both countries and this time due to their kingpin role, the Center will have to ensure the allocation and allocation of special funds for this purpose.

International coverage

India’s growing global stature, backed by the prime minister’s rock star image, is one of the biggest advantages of Prime Minister Modi’s dispensation. The government’s consistent focus on turning India into a ‘Vishwaguru’ and conducting talks with exemplary gestures has also strengthened its position.

Barring a few irritants regarding Canada and China, India has followed this path with considerable success. Tensions with Canada emerged when Canada accused three Indians of killing Sikh separatist leader Hardeep Singh Nijjar in Surrey.

The 2020 border skirmishes with China and the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) violation of Indian territory in PoK have already strained ties between the two nations.

Overall, there would be no major departure from the policies of the last decade, just the expectation that they will become more skillful and multidimensional in an increasingly complex world.

Key principles in the background

The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and the National Register of Citizens (NRC), along with the likely introduction of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in some states, were among the most popular policies of Prime Minister Modi’s government in its second term. However, with the entry of new alliance partners into the coalition, it is likely to face a hurdle for now, given the pro-minority focus of the TDP and JD-U.

Moreover, the BJP’s Hindu approach is likely to take a backseat as the comfort and convenience of allies will have to be put ahead of the BJP’s core ideology to ensure the smooth functioning of the government.